The HITECH Act, or Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, is a U.S. federal law enacted in 2009. Its core objective is to encourage the widespread adoption of health information technology—in particular, electronic health records (EHRs). The HITECH Act introduced financial incentives for healthcare providers to adopt EHRs and implemented stricter privacy and security measures for electronic health information. Additionally, it established rules for breach notifications and supported the development of infrastructure for health information exchange, contributing to the advancement of healthcare technology and improved patient care.